NMV Standpoint concerning list II of the narcotics legislation

'Paddo' (= magic mushroom) prohibition legislation came into effect on 1st December 2008. 188 species of mushrooms have been placed on list II of the narcotics legislation. Possessing or growing these species is therefore punishable by law and locations where species on this list grow ought to be destroyed.

The Dutch Mycological Association has made a number of comments on this list of 188 'forbidden' mushrooms and presented these to the Minister of Health, Mr. A. Klink.
    These remarks can be summarised briefly as follows:
  • Of the 188 species on the list, only 31 are indigenous;
  • The majority of species has not been proved to contain psilocybine or psilocine;
  • The list is therefore unreliable;
  • 12 of the indigenous species are on the red data list and destruction of them would therefore contravene Dutch nature conservation policy;
  • The obligation to destroy the places where they grow will lead to an impoverishment of biodiversity;
  • The prohibition of possession of the species on the list impedes the scientific and educational objectives of the NMV;
  • It is incomprehensible that Dutch experts on mushrooms were not consulted on preparation of the list, nor of the legislation.
In a letter, the Minister answered that it was never the intention of the prohibition that natural sites where particular species of mushrooms grow should be destroyed, nor was it ever intended to prosecute the natural occurrence of mushrooms included on the list.

Download the NMV standpoint here (in Dutch, PDF 25 KB).

Download the answer sent by the Director General of Public Health, ir. De Goeij, on behalf of the Minister of Public Health, Welfare and Sport here (in Dutch, PDF 310 KB).

Download the letter with the answer of the Minister of Justice to questions from the Lower House on the 'paddo' prohibition legislation here (in Dutch, PDF 57 KB).
Peter E Pracownik 1996
Peter E Pracownik 1996


THE DUTCH MYCOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION DOES NOT CONCERN ITSELF WITH PSYCHOACTIVE OR HALLUCINATORY SUBSTANCES AND HAS NO CONNECTION WITH THE CIRCLES IN WHICH ‘PADDOS’ (MAGIC MUSHROOMS) ARE GROWN, TRADED OR USED FOR THIS PURPOSE.